• Foodguru

10 Health Issues that Affect Women More than Men

Updated: Sep 30

Women are at greater risk for heart disease, stroke, osteoporosis, diabetes, and other diseases than men. They also face unique health concerns that affect their bodies differently. The reasons for this include differences in hormone levels, body fat distribution, and lifestyle choices. What comes to mind when you consider issues pertaining to women's health? The most common one is undoubtedly breast cancer. However, routine breast exams and mammograms are only a small part of keeping a woman's health. Your health has numerous components, just like your life. Fortunately, many of the major health issues can be avoided. Keep an eye out for these critical situations and research what you can do to avoid them.

Breast with cancer pictures
The top 10 health issue for women

Breast cancer causes

Hormonal and environmental changes are just two of the many causes of breast cancer. DNA damage causes breast cancer in affected cells. Breast cancer risk can be increased by BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations, which are likely to be transferred from parent to child.


Mammograms and MRIs are both capable of doing breast cancer screening. Breast x-rays are used in mammograms, which aid in the detection of breast cancer. MRI scans the breast using radio waves and magnets.

Breast cancer is treated by a lumpectomy. It is a technique for removing breast cancer tumours. Complete mastectomy refers to the surgical removal of the complete breast. Skin-sparing mastectomy refers to the removal of the breast, areola, and nipple with the skin remaining in tact.

SOLUTION

Maintaining a healthy weight can help prevent breast cancer. Consume alcohol in moderation and exercise frequently. Patients who have a history of cancer in their family might ask their doctor for guidance on this. Food for breast cancer Leafy green vegetable such as kale, arugula, spinach, mustard greens.

  • Citrus fruits

  • Fatty fish

  • Berries

  • Fermented foods

  • Allium vegetables

  • Peaches, apples, and pears

Heart disease how to prevent

Perhaps your mother advised you to keep your heart safe. She was wise, though perhaps not in the way you might expect. The prevalence of cardiovascular or heart disease among Indian women is more than one in three. And the main cause of death for both men and women is heart disease. These are just some of the common diseases that affect women more often than men. There are also several other health issues that affect women more than they do men.


SOLUTION

The good news is that heart disease can be avoided by following a healthy diet, getting enough exercise, quitting smoking, and drinking in moderation. Discover additional methods for preventing heart disease.

Foods for healthy heart :

  • Plenty of vegetables

  • Fruits Oranges, cherries,

  • Wholegrains

  • Fish and seafood

  • Legumes such as beans and lentils nuts and seeds.

  • Smaller amounts of eggs and lean poultry

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According to the CDC, stroke is the third leading cause of death among both men and women. It is estimated that 795,000 people will die from strokes in 2017. In addition, nearly 1 million Indians will live with permanent disability as a result of a stroke.

Depression signs

It's normal for people to occasionally feel down or melancholy. If these emotions persist, they may have an impact on both the person and those around them. Women of all ages are now frequently affected by depression. There are numerous factors that contribute to depression, some of which are listed below:

  • Genetics

  • Lack of nutrition due to stress

  • Unbalanced brain chemistry

  • Traumatic experiences

  • Difficulties with physical health

  • Unbalanced Hormones


SOLUTION

A doctor who examines you and your lifestyle can test you for depression. A few screening tests are performed to evaluate you, and the results assist the doctor continue the treatment based on the results.

  • Depression sufferers require a sufficient quantity of sleep.

  • Exercise frequently.

  • Eat well-balanced meals.

  • Social networking assists in preventing isolation, which is another factor in depression.

Foods for Depression

  • Apricots, broccoli, cantaloupe, carrots, collards, peaches, pumpkin, spinach, sweet potato

  • Blueberries, broccoli, grapefruit, kiwi, oranges, peppers, potatoes, strawberries, tomato

  • Margarine, nuts and seeds, vegetable oils, wheat germ

Obesity meaning

Polycystic ovarian syndrome has been linked to obesity in females. A woman who is fat runs the risk of acquiring heart disease and diabetes. There are numerous factors that might lead to obesity, some of which are

  • Genetics

  • Stress

  • Inactivity

  • consuming food

  • a few medications

  • Depression

  • Heart Condition

  • Cancer

  • BMI, or body mass index, can be used to screen for obesity. The person's height and weight are taken into account while calculating body mass index. Men and women have different BMI requirements.

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SOLUTION

  • Exercise

  • Diet

  • modification in life

  • Medicine

  • Surgery

  • Obesity precautions include the following:

  • eschew sweets

  • Skip the fried foods

  • Avoid overeating.

  • Take part in some exercise

Food for obesity

  • Whole grains - whole wheat, steel cut oats, brown rice, quinoa

  • Vegetables (a colorful variety-not potatoes)

  • Whole fruits (not fruit juices)

  • Nuts, seeds, beans, and other healthful sources of protein (fish and poultry)

  • Plant oils (olive and other vegetable oils)


Osteoporosis

This condition, which is characterised by the thinning of the bones, might lead to a fracture. Women over the age of 35 frequently get osteoporosis.

among the factors that lead to diabetes in women are

  • Older age

  • Drinking alcohol

  • Smoking cigarettes

  • Low calcium levels

  • Female hormonal imbalance

  • Hyperthyroidism

  • A lack of vitamin D

  • Body type and size

By doing a bone density test, osteoporosis can be identified. Typically, it is advised for females 65 years of age and older. Hip and spine bone densities are measured using a DXA equipment. Osteoporosis patients have a good likelihood of breaking this.

SOLUTION

  • Supplements with calcium

  • Supplement with vitamin D

  • Skip the alcohol

  • Stop smoking

  • Prevent strenuous exercise

  • Avoid caffeine

Food For Osteoporosis

  • Calcium

  • Some dairy products are fortified with Vitamin D

  • Collard greens, turnip greens, kale, okra, Chinese cabbage, dandelion greens, mustard greens and broccoli.

  • Spinach, beet greens, okra, tomato products, artichokes, plantains, potatoes, sweet potatoes, collard greens and raisins.

What dementia is ?

A condition called dementia is characterised by a decline in memory, thinking, and daily functioning.

Many factors can lead to dementia, including:

  • Hypertension

  • Stress

  • Genetics

  • Lifestyle

  • Inflammation

  • Brain cancer


Some tests may be used in dementia screening, including:

medical professional A cognition-based test that can be followed by an interview is used for cognitive assessment.

Mini-mental condition A minimum score of 24 out of 30 is required to pass this examination, which is another cognition-based test. The examiner's reference to the draw time

Accessing Mood - Getting a handle on mood swings can help you connect them to dementia.

SOLUTION

  • medicine

  • Music

  • Antioxidant

  • Exercise

  • Change in environment

  • Keep a schedule.

Dementia precautions:

  • Apply GPS

  • Memory Loss

  • Let your neighbours know.

Food for Dementia

  • Leafy green vegetables, at least 6 servings/week.

  • Other vegetables, at least 1 serving/day.

  • Berries, at least 2 servings/week.

  • Whole grains, at least 3 servings/day.

  • Fish, 1 serving/week.

  • Poultry, 2 servings/week.

  • Beans, 3 servings/week.

  • Nuts, 5 servings/week.

Bladder problems and sexual health

Since both STDs and urinary tract infections (UTIs) impact women more quickly than males, they should be concerned about their sexual as well as bladder health. It has been noted that women experience an STD's effects more severely than do men. Although STDs frequently go undiagnosed in women due to their less obvious symptoms or higher likelihood of being mistakenly diagnosed with another illness, they have major consequences such as infertility.

Women should take care of their personal cleanliness in addition to their sexual wellness. Women's shorter urethras make it easier for bacteria to spread before they reach the bladder and begin an infection. Consequently, urinary tract issues such as infections and incontinence,are more common in women.

SOLUTION

It is advisable to not hesitate and talk to your healthcare professional.

Food for Bladder problems and sexual health

  • Drink adequate amounts of fluids, especially water

  • Eat a healthy diet with plentiful fruit and vegetables

  • Limit caffeine and alcohol intake

  • Pears, bananas, green beans, squash, potatoes, lean proteins, whole grains, nuts, bread, and eggs.

Thyroid issues

Thyroid disease affects many women of childbearing age and is twice as common in women as it is in males (18-35 years).

The metabolism slows down when a woman has hypothyroidism (low thyroid hormone levels). Symptoms can include gaining weight, feeling lethargic and exhausted, etc. On the other hand, early onset of menopause—before age 40 or in the early 40s—can also be brought on by high thyroid levels.

In addition, pregnancy can increase the blood's level of thyroid hormones, and within a year of giving birth, postpartum thyroiditis affects 5% to 10% of women.

Food for thyroid issues

  • Dairy products, including yogurt, milk, and cheese.

  • Eggs.

  • Nuts.

  • Iodized salt (also known as table salt)

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Mental health

Research indicates that women are more likely than males to develop somatic complaints, which are bodily symptoms that cannot be medically explained. The most prevalent mental health issue among women is depression, and suicide is the top killer of females under 60. It is crucial to aid in raising awareness of mental health issues among women and empowering them to seek help.

Food for Mental health

  • Consume foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, such as salmon.

  • Dark green leafy vegetables in particular are brain protective.

  • Nuts, seeds and legumes, such as beans and lentils, are also excellent brain foods.

Pregnancy issues

Miscarriages or birth abnormalities can result from diabetes. Women are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later in life if they have gestational diabetes. Early heart attacks are twice as likely to strike women with diabetes. Women are also more affected by kidney illness than males are. A association between lower oestrogen levels and diabetic kidney disease, according to researchers, suggests that higher testosterone levels have an adverse effect on the kidneys in people with diabetes. Women with PCOD and gestational diabetes have an increased risk of acquiring type 2 diabetes; as a result, they should test their blood sugar levels frequently and every three months for HBA1C. (glycosylated hemoglobin). For diabetic women, lifestyle choices include a low-fat diet, regular exercise, and abstaining from alcohol and tobacco can help enhance health outcomes.

SOLUTION

Women with diabetes must get frequent checkups for heart, kidney and eye health.

Food for pregnancy

  • Dairy products

  • Legumes

  • Sweet potatoes

  • Salmon

  • Eggs

  • Broccoli and dark, leafy greens

  • Lean meat and proteins

  • Berries

Communities, countries, and ultimately the world are only as strong as the health of their women. - Michelle Obama (Lawyer, Writer & First Lady of the United States)

There are several reasons why women are at greater risk for these illnesses than men. First, women tend to have smaller bodies than men, so they are more susceptible to diseases that affect the body’s organs. Second, women often carry more weight than men, putting them at higher risk for obesity-related diseases such as type 2 diabetes. Third, women are more likely to develop autoimmune disorders, which can lead to other serious health complications. Fourth, women are more likely than men to smoke cigarettes, which puts them at increased risk for cancer. Fifth, women are more likely then men to use alcohol and drugs, which can also contribute to health risks. Sixth, women are more likely, especially older women, to have hormone imbalances that can lead to depression and anxiety. Finally, women are more likely because of social and cultural norms to delay seeking medical care until symptoms become severe.


 

References:

  1. Ten top issues for women's health - (http://www.who.int/life-course/news/2015-intl-womens-day/en/)

  2. Women's Health - (https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/womenshealth.html)

  3. What health issues or conditions affect women differently than men? - (https://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/womenshealth/conditioninfo/Pages/howconditions.aspx)

  4. Heart disease in women: Understand symptoms and risk factors - (http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heart-disease/in-depth/heart-disease/ART-20046167)

  5. Cancer Facts for Women - (http://www.cancer.org/healthy/findcancerearly/womenshealth/cancer-facts-for-women)

  6. Women and Mental Health - (http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/women-and-mental-health/index.shtml)

  7. How Diabetes Differs for Men and Women - (http://www.diabetesforecast.org/2011/oct/how-diabetes-differs-for-men-and-women.html)

  8. About Your Thyroid - (http://www.empoweryourhealth.org/endocrine-conditions/thyroid/about_your_thyroid)

  9. Iron-deficiency anemia - (http://womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/anemia.html)

  10. Women's health: Prevent the top threats - (http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/womens-health/in-depth/womens-health/art-20045466?pg=2)